The primary goal for the treatment of Crohn’s disease is to control inflammation in the digestive system. Because most of the symptoms are the result of swelling, most of the negative effects of the disease will cease when inflammation is reduced. Treatment may include medication therapy, or in extreme cases, surgery.
Medications to treat Crohn’s disease falls into one of four categories: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, antibiotics and other drugs for symptom relief.
Anti-inflammatory drugs such as sulfasalazine, mesalamine and corticosteroids, are usually the first step in the treatment of Crohn’s disease. Sulfasalazine is very effective; However, it has serious side effects, such as nausea, vomiting and headache. Mesalamine, on the other hand, has fewer side effects, but has been used for much less time. Corticosteroids are a common treatment for a host of ailments. However, they are less effective in Crohn’s disease and have serious side effects.
Because Crohn’s disease is caused by an exaggerated response of the immune system, immune system suppressors are often an effective form of treatment. Azathioprine and Mercaptopurine are the most common forms used in the treatment of IBD. Unfortunately, many of these medications cause very negative side-effects, such as liver damage, high blood pressure, cancer and increased risk of infection.
Antibiotics are typically used to reduce the infection and heal fistulas and abscesses. These, too, have side effects; However, in case of infection, treatment is necessary to avoid progression.
Symptom relief drugs are often required as the effects of Crohn’s disease are so serious. Anti-diarrheal, laxatives, painkillers, iron supplements and dietary supplements can make it more bearable for Crohn’s sufferers. Due to excessive diarrhea, medication is often necessary to avoid dehydration and to improve the quality of life in General. On the other hand, the inflammation can cause constipation too; so laxatives may be used to promote bowel movements. Abdominal pain is a common ailment among those with IBD; However, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen and aspirin, should not be used to treat Crohn ‘s. Nutritional supplements and iron can be used to restore deficient in vitamins and minerals to your system.
Surgery is sometimes necessary in severe cases of Crohn ‘s. May be necessary to remove diseased parts of your digestive tract, or simply close fistulas and abscesses. However, surgery is usually used only as a last resort after other treatment methods have been ineffective.
Crohn’s disease cannot be cured; However, with many of these methods of treatment, relief may be available.
Sarah is an acclaimed writer on materia medica and wrote extensively on subjects of attention Deficit Disorder, Crohn’s disease and avian.